Petroleum[ edit ] The petroleum industryboth production and refiningbegan in with the first oil works in Scotland. It followed on from the First Industrial Revolution that began in Britain in the late 18th century that then spread throughout Western Europe and North America.
Combined with these were developments in machinestoolsand computers that gave rise to the automatic factory. Issued January 27, Although hours varied from trade to trade and family to family, children usually worked twelve hours per day with time out for meals and tea.
On the day the Manchester-to-Liverpool railroad was opened to the public, a member of Parliament and a supporter of the railway was accidently killed by the Rocket.
Paper machine The first paper making machine was the Fourdrinier machinebuilt by Sealy and Henry Fourdrinierstationers in London.
The Atlantic Telegraph Company was formed in London in to undertake to construct a commercial telegraph cable across the Atlantic Ocean. Consequently, they needed better ways to track costs. Similarly for girls the three most common occupations include Cotton Manufacture. With the greatly reduced cost of producing pig iron with coke using hot blast, demand grew dramatically and so did the size of blast furnaces.
Vanadium steelfor example, is strong and fatigue resistant, and was used in half the automotive steel. Large-scale commerce could not be carried on by barter, as much of the earlier trade had been.
These unions often started as "friendly societies" that collected dues from workers and extended aid during illness or unemployment. A scientific understanding of electricity was necessary for the development of efficient electric generators, motors and transformers.
Boys as young as four would work for a master sweep who would send them up the narrow chimneys of British homes to scrape the soot off the sides. A collision in Massachusetts in led to a call for safety reform. Advances in the accuracy of machine tools can be traced to Henry Maudslay and refined by Joseph Whitworth.Sep 07, · Why is it important to consider this question, of why the Industrial Revolution occurred?
It is a question that needs to be asked if we want to know how we became what we are. The Industrial Revolution started for many reasons, including population growth and financial innovations.
The revolution started in England in the s. As the population grew, people started moving and forming cities, which increased the demand for products. Banks also began growing and. During the industrial revolution, according to Sternberg and other social psychologists, part of the problem with the collective psyche of society was a detachment from the dignity, pride, and.
The Industrial Revolution (–). The term Industrial Revolution, like similar historical concepts, is more convenient than precise. It is convenient because history requires division into periods for purposes of understanding and instruction and because there were sufficient innovations at the turn of the 18th and 19th centuries to justify the choice of this as one of the periods.
The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.
REVOLUTION APRIL The Industrial Revolution was one of the greatest discontinuities in history. It still generates lively debate.
Why did it begin in.Download